Eczema

Overview

Eczema is commonly found in children, although adults can get it too. It is also called atopic dermatitis and can be treated with oral medication, steroid creams and light therapy. Eczema symptoms include itchy, red and dry skin caused by inflammation.

What causes Eczema?

Doctors still do not know what causes eczema. The most common type of eczema, atopic dermatitis, resembles an allergy but the skin irritation is not an allergic reaction.

Common symptoms of Eczema?

  • Dry patches of skin and open sores with crusts may develop and may get infected.
  • There may be patches of itchy, dry, thickened skin commonly on hands, neck, face and legs. In children, the inner creases of the knees and elbows are often involved.

Call your doctor about Eczema if :

  • You develop a rash and have a family history of eczema or asthma.
  • The inflammation does not respond to over the counter treatment. You may need more aggressive forms of treatment.
  • You develop yellowish to light brown crust or blisters over existing patches of eczema. This may indicate bacterial infection for which antibiotic medication should be taken.
  • You may have eczema herpeticum, which is a rare and serious complication cause by the herpes simplex virus.

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