Acne

Overview

Acne vulgaris is the medical term for acne. Acne is the presence of blackheads, whiteheads and other kinds of pimples on the skin.

Acne develops when oil glands are activated at puberty. This oil stimulates bacteria, which live in everyone’s skin and generally cause no problems, to multiply and cause surrounding tissues to become inflamed. If the inflammation is near the surface, you get a pustule, if it’s deeper, it is a pimple, and if it is deeper still, it’s a cyst. If the oil becomes oxidized, it changes from a whitehead to a blackhead.

Some factors contribute to the development of acne :

  • Heredity : Almost everyone has some acne at some point.
  • Food : Studies show that dairy products and high glycemic foods can trigger acne.
  • Dirt : There is increase build up of bacteria after any kind of exercise and it is advisable to shower. However, sweat alone does not cause acne.
  • Hormones : Most women get acne during their periods. Ask your doctor which oral contraceptive pills may be best for you, as some of them help relieve acne.
  • Cosmetics : Of the many brands available in the market place, those which are listed as water based or oil free may be a better choice.

How to treat acne?

Several different medicines can help get rid of acne but you may need a stronger drug if your acne is severe. This could include an antibiotic for months, high doses of vitamin A, light therapy, chemical peels or even facials. Your doctor can make your acne go away and keep others from forming. The quicker you start treatment, less likely you are to develop scars.

Still feeling sick?​

Schedule an appointment with Bonum Health and consult a doctor online within minutes, via phone or video chat.